Vittorio Veneto was the second member of the Littorio-class battleship that served in the Italian Regia Marina during World War II. Bolzano was built by the Gio. She displaced 13,944 long tons (14,168 t) at full load, though her displacement was nominally within the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) restriction set in place by the Washington Naval Treaty. These included using a light weight propulsion system, removing torpedo tubes from the design, and abandoning the flush deck of the Trentos in favor of a stepped down main deck. Trieste was moved to La Maddalena, Sardinia, where she was later sunk by United States heavy bombers on 10 April 1943. Bolzano was ultimately raised in 1949 and thereafter broken up. Pola was built as a flagship with a larger conning tower to accommodate an admiral's staff. After the war, she was retained by the Marina Militare and decommissioned in 1961. A modified version of the earlier Trento class, she had a heavier displacement, slightly shorter length, a newer model of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) gun, and a more powerful propulsion system, among other differences influenced by the Zara class that had followed the Trentos. She returned to Taranto on 13 February, and she joined Zara and Fiume for extensive maneuvers off Taranto on 11–17 March. Anti-aircraft defense was provided by a battery of sixteen 100 mm (4 in) 47-cal. [1] [2], After Italy entered World War II in June 1940, Trento and Trieste saw extensive action against British forces in the Mediterranean Sea, including at the battles of Calabria, Cape Spartivento, and Cape Matapan in July and November 1940 and March 1941, respectively. The ship was laid down in June 1925, was launched in October 1926, and was commissioned in December 1928. Trieste was the second of two Trento-class heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina. Pola's magazines exploded and she sank at 04:03 on 29 March. Dogali (1885) - Sold to Uruguay 1908 and renamed Montevideo, BU 1932 4. The gun turrets had 150 mm thick plating on the faces and the barbettes they sat in were also 150 mm thick. The Italian naval high command therefore ordered several other cruisers and destroyers from the 1st Squadron to join the escort for the convoy. Ships of the Italian Regia Marina were opposed by vessels of the British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy. [9] [10], By 1928, the Italian navy had begun rebuilding the Conte di Cavour-classbattleships, and as a result, Pola was completed with an enlarged bridge so she could temporarily serve as the fleet flagship. The Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina) operated one of largest cruiser forces of World War II.As a signatory to the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty, the Regia Marina immediately attempted to reinforce its treaty-limited battleship force by building seven large 10,000-ton heavy cruisers. On 29 July 1934 she was formally given her battle flag in a ceremony in her namesake city. [2] Pola participated in a naval review in the Gulf of Naples, where she hosted Italy's fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini, on 6–7 July 1933. Etna(1885) - Sold 1921 2.2. Another review took place on 5 May 1938 when the German dictator Adolf Hitler made a state visit to Italy. Like her sisters, she was armed with a battery of eight 203-millimeter (8.0 in) guns and was capable of a top speed of 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). The build started with my usual strengthening of the hull, so that it would stand securely on the posts of the display stand. 23: ISBN-10: 978-0971068797: Format: Paperback: Pages: 72 pages: Dimensions: 279×210: Language: English: Released: 2004: Publisher: Classic Warships Publishing: Topic: Heavy cruiser Trento-class » Cruisers (Ships) The class's design was considered by the Spanish Navy, but the outbreak of World War II interrupted construction plans. Pola returned to Gaeta on 4 October. [3] Another attempt to intercept a British convoy in late November resulted in the Battle of Cape Spartivento. The Trento-class cruisers were ordered in 1924 in response to the French cruisers of the Duquesneclass, begun that year. [3], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}35°19′N 20°59′E / 35.317°N 20.983°E / 35.317; 20.983, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in March 1941, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Italian_cruiser_Pola&oldid=1007685931, World War II shipwrecks in the Mediterranean Sea, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 11:36. Her engines were rated at 95,000 shaft horsepower (71,000 kW) and produced a top speed of 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). The heavier armament was composed by 8 203mm guns. [25][26] A total of 328 men went down with the ship. RMN Italian Heavy Cruiser Gorizia, 1943 Saved by александр Dazzle Camouflage Heavy Cruiser Ship Drawing Naval History Armada Navy Ships Aircraft Carrier Model Ships Boat Building [7] On 6 July, Pola and the rest of the 2nd Squadron escorted a convoy bound for North Africa; the following day, Italian reconnaissance reported a British cruiser squadron to have arrived in Malta. After picking up survivors, the destroyers joined Havock and a boarding party was prepared to take Pola, though it was discovered that most of her crew had jumped into the water, and the remaining men were huddled on the forecastle, ready to surrender. [1], Pola was armed with a main battery of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) Mod 29 53-caliber guns in four gun turrets. [4] The next month, on 7–9 April, Pola provided gunfire support to Italian forces occupying Albania. Stromboli(1886) - Sold 1907 2.4. Trento was the first of two Trento-class cruisers; they were the first heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina. Discover (and save!) Italian heavy cruisers took part in the Battles of Calabria, Taranto, Cape Spartivento, Cape Matapan, First and Second Sirte between 1940 and 1943. Armed with a main battery of eight 8-inch (200 mm) guns, she … She was lightly damaged at Calabria and she engaged the British battlecruiser Renown at Cape Spartivento, though neither vessel scored any hits. The Trento class was a group of two heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s, the first such vessels built for the Italian fleet. The ship spent the 1930s conducting training cruises in the Mediterranean Sea, participating in naval reviews held for foreign dignitaries, and serving as the flagship of the Cruiser Division. The ships were very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though they possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. [3] Pola was present in the harbor at Taranto when the British fleet launched the nighttime carrier strike on Taranto on the night of 11–12 November, but she was not attacked in the raid. They succeeded in sinking Bolzano but Gorizia remained afloat. Zara was a heavy cruiser built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy), the lead ship of the Zara class.Named after the Italian city of Zara (now Zadar, Croatia), the ship was built at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard beginning with her keel laying in July 1928, launching in April 1930, and commissioning in October 1931. Named for the town of Gorizia, the ship was laid down at the OTO Livorno shipyard in March 1930, was launched in December that year and was commissioned into the fleet in December 1931. Piemonte(1… At around the same time, the British cruiser HMS Orion detected Pola on her radar and reported her location. The seven ships represented disagreements within the naval high command, with one faction favoring high speed at the expense of armor protection (which resulted in the Trentos and Bolzano) and another that preferred heavier armor in exchange for a reduced top speed (which produced the Zaras). United States heavy bombers raided La Maddalena in April 1943, sinking Trieste and badly damaging Gorizia; the latter vessel and Bolzano were later attacked by Italian commandos while Italy was under German occupation in 1944 to prevent the Germans from repairing and reactivating them. Ettore Fieramosca(1888) - Sold 1909 3. It was one of the few pitched battles of the Mediterranean campaign during the Second World War involving large numbers of ships on both sides. The Italian Zara Class of four heavy cruisers served during the Second World War. A total of seven vessels were built to three designs: two Trento-class cruisers, four Zara-class cruisers, … Carlo Cattaneo was an Italian admiral during World War II. Unfortunatly, 3 of the 4 units were sunk during the Cape Matapan battle in march 1941. The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. [8], The four ships all saw action at Calabria, Cape Spartivento, and Cape Matapan; at the last engagement, Pola was disabled by a torpedo from a Swordfish torpedo bomber launched by the British aircraft carrier HMS Formidable; Zara and Fiume were detached from the rest of the fleet to protect Pola, and all three and a pair of destroyers were sunk in a close-range night engagement with the battleships Barham, Valiant, and Warspite. [4], While the Trentos were still under construction, elements of the Italian naval command began to doubt the effectiveness of the new vessels, which sacrificed armor protection in favor of very high speeds. The Pola was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina operating during the Second World War. During the latter engagement she briefly battled the British cruiser HMS Berwick. guns in twin mounts, four Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns in single mounts and eight 12.7 mm (0.50 in) guns in twin mounts. Angelo Iachino was an Italian admiral during World War II. Striking a near perfect balance of mobility, protection and firepower, the Italian Zara-class heavy cruisers are considered to be among the best ships of their class at the time of their construction. [17] The damage filled three compartments with water and disabled five of her boilers and the main steam line that fed the turbines, leaving her immobilized and unable to use her main guns as the turrets were impossible to move due to the loss of power. [11] According to some sources, the two 203 mm hits on the British cruiser HMS Berwick which disabled one of her main battery turrets were fired by Pola. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) built a series of heavy cruisers as part of a modernization program to use the tonnage allotted to Italy for cruisers by the international naval treaties of the period. While the ship was moored in La Maddalena on 10 April 1943, a major attack from United States Army Air Forces heavy bombers sank Trieste and hit Gorizia with three bombs, inflicting serious damage. Pola was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy), named after the Italian city of Pola (now Pula, Croatia).She was built in the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard in Livorno in the early 1930s and entered service in 1932. They were both raised and scrapped after the war. [11] [12], Like the rest of the Italian heavy cruisers, Bolzano was present at the major fleet actions during the first two years of the war in the Mediterranean. Etna class 2.1. They were developed in response to the French Dunkerque-class battleships, and were armed with 381-millimeter (15.0 in) guns and had a top speed of 30 knots. Three of the Zaras—Zara, Fiume, and Pola—were sunk in a close-range night action with British battleships at the Battle of Cape Matapan in 1941, Trento was torpedoed and sunk by British forces in June 1942, and Bolzano was badly damaged by a British submarine in August 1942, which left her out of action for the rest of the war. She was the third of four ships in the class, which also included Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia. July 8, 1940. Découvrez des commentaires utiles de client et des classements de commentaires pour The Italian Heavy Cruiser Pola sur Amazon.fr. [EN] Gorizia was the fourth and final member of the Zara class of heavy cruisers to be built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the 1930s. Her power plant consisted of two Parsons steam turbines powered by eight oil-fired Yarrow boilers, which were trunked into two funnels amidships. She would then be unavailable for the planned three-ship cruiser divisions, and so the navy ordered a seventh cruiser to replace Pola. Aug 18, 2018 - Italian heavy cruiser Bolzano, sometimes considered to be a member of the Trento class served in the Italian Regia Marina Royal Navy from the … Les meilleures offres pour Trumpeter: Italian Heavy Cruiser Zara in 1:350 [9365347] sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et … The Italian naval high command requested that the proposed cruisers have a very high top speed of 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph); the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty limited the standard displacement of new cruisers to 10,000 long tons (10,160 t) and their main armament to 203 mm (8 in) guns. She had a crew of 841 officers and enlisted men. Italian heavy cruiser Zara. Jervis took off the surviving 22 officers and 236 enlisted men from Pola. [10] She and the rest of the fleet left for Naples the following morning. The ship's keel was laid down in October 1934, launched in July 1937, and readied for service with the Italian fleet by August 1940. Aviere ("Airman") was one of seventeen Soldati-class destroyers, built for the Regia Marina in the late 1930s and early 1940s. She was the third of four ships in the class, which also included Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia. Armed with a main battery of eight 8-inch (200 mm) guns, she was nominally within the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) limit imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, though in reality she significantly exceeded this figure. [14] On 14 December, a British air raid on Naples slightly damaged Pola. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. Though nominally built under the restrictions of the Washington Naval Treaty, the two cruisers significantly exceeded the displacement limits imposed by the treaty. [1][2], Pola's secondary battery was revised several times during her career. After the war she was retained by the Marina Militare and upgraded. She was still out of service in La Spezia, awaiting repairs, when Italy surrendered to the Allies on 3 September 1943; on 8–9 September, German troops occupied La Spezia. [23], Pola initially was left alone during the action, and her captain, assuming that his ship would be the next target (and unable to return fire), ordered his crew to open the seacocks and abandon ship. The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. Noté /5. The battleships Conte di Cavour and Giulio Cesare provided distant support. From 10 September to 3 October, she was stationed in Palma de Mallorca to safeguard Italian interests there. The Battle of Cape Spartivento, known as the Battle of Cape Teulada in Italy, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War, fought between naval forces of the Royal Navy and the Italian Regia Marina on 27 November 1940. Discussing the recently announced British Heavy Cruisers and 8.10's Italian Commander Collection. [6] She refueled at Messina and departed on 12 June,[3] along with the rest of the 2nd Squadron and the 1st Squadron. In the confusion of the attack, Pola had nearly collided with Fiume and had been forced to stop, which had prevented her from taking evasive action. Italian light cruisers also possessed an interesting design history and were involved in every … Named for the town of Gorizia, the ship was laid down at the OTO Livorno shipyard in March 1930, was launched in December that year and was commissioned into the fleet in December 1931. From 30 July to 1 August, Pola, Trento, and Gorizia escorted a convoy to Libya. A flotilla of British destroyers rushed to the scene, first discovering the abandoned Zara, which was still afloat; she was torpedoed and sunk by the destroyer Jervis. Armed with a main battery of eight 8-inch (200 … She was named after the Italian victory at Vittorio Veneto during World War I, and she had three sister ships: Littorio, Roma, and Impero, though only Littorio and Roma were completed during the war. Lookouts on the crippled Italian cruiser spotted shapes approaching and assumed them to be friendly vessels, so they fired a red flare to guide them. The class comprised the vessels Zara, Fiume, Gorizia, and Pola, the last of which was completed to a slightly different design. They carried the same main battery of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns and had a maximum speed of 32 knots. The battle occurred 30 miles to the east of Punta Stilo, Calabria, on 9 July 1940. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Both sides claimed victory, but in fact the battle was a draw and everyone returned to their bases safely. The two fleets then clashed in an engagement that lasted for about an hour. A modified version of the earlier Trento class, she had a heavier displacement, slightly shorter length, a newer model of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) gun, and a more powerful … [21] The British fleet, centered on the battleships Valiant, Warspite, and Barham, was at this point only 50 nmi (93 km; 58 mi) away. All of the ships were officially built to the limitations imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, namely a standard displacement of 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) and an armament of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) main guns, though they all exceeded the displacement limit. Dimensions: 540x250x60 mm (21.3x9.8x2.4 inch) … Trieste was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. Nov 1, 2014 - Cruiser Fiume was one of the 4 heavy cruisers of 10000 tons class "Zara", every unit taking the name of Italian cities acquired after WWI (Zara, Fiume, Pola, Gorizia). On 22 June 1944, Italian frogmen used Chariot manned torpedoes to enter the harbor and sink Gorizia, though Gorizia survived the attack. The turrets were arranged in superfiring pairs forward and aft. Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed by British aircraft from the carrier Formidable and was forced to withdraw, and the 3rd Division remained on the port side of the Italian fleet to screen against another possible British attack. Trento (center) and Bolzano (background) underway. [15] Two bombs hit the ship, both amidships on the port side. Their weak armor led officers in the Regia Marina to demand better-protected vessels for the next class of cruiser to be built. Mainly are made here made from … Repairs were completed by November, but she was torpedoed again in August 1942 by the submarine HMS Unbroken, sustaining serious damage. Pola was built as a flagship with a larger conning tower … For most of the daytime engagement, Pola and the rest of the 3rd Division were stationed on the disengaged side of the Italian fleet, and so did not see action during this phase. She was built by OTO at La Spezia and named after Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, an Italian explorer and Admiral of World War I. Giuseppe Garibaldi was an Italian Duca degli Abruzzi-class light cruiser, that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. She was the third of four ships in the class, which also included Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia. Her armor deck was 70 mm (2.8 in) thick in the central portion of the ship and reduced to 20 mm (0.79 in) at either end. Fitting-out work proceeded quickly, and the new cruiser entered service just over a year later on 21 December 1932. your own Pins on Pinterest [16] A second British airstrike later in the day failed to locate the retiring Vittorio Veneto and instead scored a single torpedo strike on Pola, hitting her amidships on her starboard side. Bolzano was a unique heavy cruiser, sometimes considered to be a member of the Trento class, built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the early 1930s, the last vessel of the type to be built by Italy. Soon, the lead ship of the class - Zara - will reinforce the top rank of the recently introduced Regia Marina in the upcoming War Thunder major update! A total of seven vessels were built to three designs: two Trento-classcruisers, four Zara-classcruisers, and Bolzano, a modified version of the Trento design. [13] [14]. [24][19][20] About ten minutes after midnight, the destroyer Havock discovered Pola, still without power, in the darkness. Italian Heavy Cruisers of WWII : Author: Steve Wiper, Gordon Hogg: Series: Warship Pictorial » Volume: Nr. Each took their name from one of the ‘redeemed’ cities, gained from Austria after the First World War. Italian Heavy Cruiser Pola: Numéro: 86502: Échelle: 1:350 : Type: Maquette complète : Sorti: 2009 | Reboîtage (seule la boîte est modifiée) Code à barre: 6939319265029 (EAN) Emballage: Boîte rigide (ouverture par le haut) Sujet: Heavy cruiser Zara-class » Croiseurs (Navires) Contenu de la boîte. She was armed with a main battery of nine 381-millimeter (15.0 in) guns in three triple turrets, and could steam at a speed of 30 knots. [9] On 1 November, Mussolini visited the ship in Taranto. Later, in a fierce night engagement in the early hours of 29 March, Pola, Zara, Fiume, and two destroyers were sunk by the British Mediterranean Fleet with heavy loss of life. [8] During the action, Pola engaged British cruisers but neither side scored any hits. Zara was a heavy cruiser built for the Italian Regia Marina, the lead ship of the Zara class. [1] Pola was designed to function as a squadron flagship, and so her forward superstructure was larger than that of her sisters, and was faired into the forward funnel. The Spanish commander refused and instead steamed to Bizerte in French Tunisia, where his ships were interned. • Taranto (1911, ex-German Strassburg) - scuttled 1943, sunk 1943 & 1944, BU 1946 or later Fiume was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina, named after the Italian city of Fiume, she was the second of four ships in the class, and was built between April 1929 and November 1931. She was still under repair in La Spezia when Italy surrendered to the Allies in September, and she was seized by German forces when they occupied much of the country. Lisez des commentaires honnêtes et non biaisés sur les produits de la part nos utilisateurs. At the beginning of 1928, the Italian Regia Marina, not to be disadvantaged compared to the other … [3] In November 1941, Trieste was torpedoed by the submarine HMS Utmost; she spent most of the next year under repair. A series of changes were made to the basic Trento design, including the use of the longer 53-cal. Giovanni Bausan(1883) - Sold 1920 2. Comprend: Grappes de plastique . Bolzano was a unique heavy cruiser, sometimes considered to be a member of the Trento class, built for the Italian Regia Marina in the early 1930s, the last vessel of the type to be built by Italy. Then the destroyer HMS Nubian torpedoed the ship while Jervis illuminated her with her searchlights. Armed with a main battery of eight 8-inch (200 mm) guns, she was nominally within the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) limit imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, though in reality she significantly exceeded this figure. On 3 September 1936 she left Gaeta, bound for Spanish waters; she thereafter began a non-intervention patrol during the Spanish Civil War. The main conning tower had 150 mm thick sides. About this, I suggest to read this dramatic and true fact, … Ironically, the high speeds attained by Trento and Trieste could only be reached on very light displacements and in service, they could only manage around 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph), the same speed as the sturdier Zaras. On 16 August she conducted live fire training off Naples, and at the end of the month she was transferred from Naples to Taranto. Gorizia, the sole surviving member of the class, saw action at the First and Second Battles of Sirte in December 1941 and March 1942, respectively. [3], At Italy's entrance into the Second World War on 10 June 1940, Pola was assigned as the flagship of Admiral Riccardo Paladini, commander of the 2nd Squadron, which also included the three Trento-class cruisers in the 2nd Division, three light cruisers in the 7th Division, and seventeen destroyers. [5] Pola's first wartime operation was to cover a group of minelayers on the night of 10–11 June. 23 et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Les meilleures offres pour Trumpeter 1:350 Italian Heavy Cruiser Fiume sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en livraison gratuite! [3], In late September, the Italian fleet, including Pola, made a sweep for a British troop convoy from Alexandria to Malta, but it made no contact with the British ships. She was built in the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard in Livorno in the early 1930s and entered service in 1932. [17][18][19][20], Iachino was unaware of Pola's plight until 20:10 on 28 March; upon learning of the situation he detached Fiume, Zara, and four destroyers to protect Pola. [3], The Italian fleet made another attempt to intercept a British convoy in the eastern Mediterranean south of Crete in late March. She also helped transport Italian volunteer troops that had been sent to Spain to fight in the Spanish Civil War return to Italy in 1938. Jun 30, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Jaroslav Vaškeba. They were perhaps the finest … Trento was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. The design requirements for the new vessel reverted to those adopted for the Trentos, as the senior leaders of the navy continued to believe that speed was more important than armor. The Battle of Calabria, known to the Italian Navy as the Battle of Punta Stilo, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War. He was killed in the Battle of Cape Matapan. Vesuvio(1886) - Sold 1911 2.3. star shell guns were added in 1940. Retrouvez Italian Heavy Cruisers Of WW2 - Warship Pictorial No. Pola was built as a flagship with a larger conning tower to accommodate an admiral's staff. Pola was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina, named after the Italian city of Pola. [3] On 7 March 1939, Pola and her sisterships sortied from Taranto to intercept a squadron of Republican warships—three cruisers and eight destroyers—attempting to reach the Black Sea. https://www.naval-encyclopedia.com/ww2/Italy/trento-class-cruisers 236 enlisted men from Pola French cruisers of the Zara class la Maddalena, Sardinia, where ships! On 1 November, but in fact the battle of Cape Matapan battle in March 1941 BU... 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